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Keynote Speakers

Prof. Carlos Borrego

Full Professor of Environmental Engineering at the University of Aveiro.

During 40 years working on environmental problems, Professor Borrego has represented Portugal on a number of national and international scientific boards and committees (EC, NATO, ESF, FCT), and evaluation panels of research institutions and projects. He was Minister of Environment, Vice-Rector of the UA, and presently is the Director of the Department of Environment and Planning.

Coordinating the Research Group on Emissions, Modelling and Climate Change, he has been involved in more than 30 European projects and over 800 scientific publications on environmental impact assessment, air quality management, wind tunnel simulations, exposure to atmospheric pollutants and human health, climate change mitigation and adaptation, research and innovation for circular economy, sustainable development. As Director of the IDAD-Institute of Environment and Development, the interface unit of UA for cooperation with the Society, develops professional consulting and project activities.


Climate Change, Heat Waves and Water Stress: time for change

Climate change is one of the greatest challenges today. The debate now is not about the human contribution to global warming and climate change, but how to deal with the impacts of future climate change, namely regarding changes on global water biogeochemical cycle. Rising temperatures are melting glacial ice at an unprecedented rate. Glaciers are an important source of freshwater worldwide, and some are in danger of disappearing within the 21st century. In a warmer environment, more precipitation will occur as rain rather than snow, resulting in excess water runoff that can't be stored and therefore the decrease of soil moisture and groundwater recharge. Additionally future climate scenarios include changes in precipitation spatial (increase in equatorial regions and high latitudes; decrease in middle latitudes) and temporal patterns like periods of heavy rainfall followed by long periods of drought during spring and summer in the Mediterranean region (IPCC, 5AR, 2013). Climate change increase the risks of storms, floods, drought, water stress and fresh water scarcity, with consequences on food production, energy and other economic sectors, human health and ecosystems. 

Urban areas are among the most vulnerable to climate change. Nowadays, more than half of the world population lives in urban areas and it is expected to increase to 66% (UN, World Urbanization Prospects, 2014). At the same time the number of megacities is increasing too, leading to problems like transport management, goods (materials, food, water, energy) supply, solid wastes collection and treatment, wastewater drainage and treatment, air pollution, urban heat island effect (UHIE), among others.
To create sustainable cities and communities became one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, stablish by United Nations. To face global warming and climate change impacts, cities should adapt and became more resilient. Increasing blue and green infrastructures, are most recommended solutions for greening the cities, to adjust the urban microclimate reducing the UHIE, to increase the comfort and citizen’s quality of life and contributing to the regulation of the urban water cycle, from demand to disposal.

Prof. Francisco Arregui

Researcher at ITA (formerly Instituto Tecnológico del Agua), Universitat Politecnica de Valencia

Francisco Arregui has over 20 years of experience in the field of water metering and apparent losses assessment and reduction. His Phd, in 1998, dealt with the technical management of water meters.

Since then, he has lead numerous projects with private and public water utilities around the world, giving technical support and training on water meter management, water meter performance analysis, non-revenue water reduction strategies and water consumption patterns determination.

He has also supervised several PhDs and MSc on the topic and co-authored more than 40 technical papers and a book for IWA Publishing entitled “Integrated water meter management”. Currently, he is working in the development of cloud based software tools to support water meter management.


New trends in high frequency water demand monitorization and analysis: experiences and challenges

Water metering, data logging and transmission equipment have progressively reduced their price and increase capacity and sensitivity. Also, the latest developments in Big Data and Machine Learning techniques allow for the processing of large quantities of data. Cloud computing allow for scalable systems that can be upgraded as more computing power and storage are required. All these advances have made possible significant improvements in the understanding of water consumption that can help water utilities improve the overall efficiency of their systems. The presentation describes previous experiences and challenges faced when conducting high frequency water consumption monitorization. It also, presents the latest advances in water demand micro-component research conducted at ITA (Spain), including the new software and hardware developed.

Prof. Francisco Nunes Correia

Full Professor of Environment and Water Resources, IST, University of Lisbon
Former Minister of Environment, Territorial Planning and Regional Development

rancisco Nunes Correia got his Ph. D. in Civil Engineering at Colorado State University (USA). He is currently a Full Professor of Environment and Water Resources at Instituto Superior Técnico (IST), the main engineering school in Portugal. He is founder, former President of the Board, and now President of the General Assembly of the Portuguese Water Partnership, a platform of universities, enterprises, professional associations and governmental agencies involved in water policy and technology.

Along with his academic career, he was designated for several public positions, notably Minister of Environment, Territorial Planning, and Regional   Development   of   the   Portuguese   Government   (2005-­2009),   President   of   the National Laboratory of Civil Engineering (2004-­2005) and National Co-ordinator of the POLIS Programme for the urban renewal and environmental improvement of Portuguese cities (1999-­2003). He was also Co-­ordinator of the Portuguese National Environment Plan (1993-­1995) and Director-­General for Natural Resources (1986-­1989).

He was awarded the degree of Grand Officer of the Order of “Infante D. Henrique”, an honorific decoration conferred in 2010 by the Portuguese President of Republic in recognition for the achievements as Minister.

He has extensive professional experience as researcher, teacher, and consultant in the areas of water, environment and regional development. He was consultant of the World Bank in water projects in South America and participated in environmental projects in Macao (China). He was Coordinator of several European research projects, notably EUROWATER and WATER 21.

More recently, among other projects, he collaborated with the preparation of the National Water Plan of Angola (since 2014), collaborated as a reviewer in the  OECD-­Netherlands  Dialogue  on  Water  Governance  (2013-2014) and collaborated  as  a consultant in the OECD-­Brazil   Dialogue   on   Water   Governance   (2014-­2015). He also collaborated in the establishment of the OECD Principles on Water Governance (2014-­2015). He is the author or co-­author of 10 books and more than 130 articles, chapters and technical reports on those areas. 


Effective water resources management requires not only appropriate technology and infrastructure, but also a model of governance, and the corresponding procedures, that contribute to lead society to the ultimate goal of sustainable development.  

The key elements of the water policy formulation process, and the main components and actors of this process, need to be understood to be able to establish a system of governance that is effective, efficient, and capable of promoting trust and engagement of the main actors and of society in general. 

With this purpose, OECD has formulated the 12 principles for good water governance, approved by the Ministerial Council of this multilateral organization in June 2015, after a long process of discussion and consultation. These principles can be used as a basis for the formulation of more purposeful and adjusted policies, or else as a framework for the inter-comparison, benchmarking and monitoring of the evolution of the water governance system in different societies. The following step, now taking place, is the definition of a group of indicators that provide an accurate view of the degree of achievement in the implementation of the various principles.

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